PALERMO RADIOLOGY HISTORY MUSEUM
DIBIMED houses the Museum of History of Radiology of Palermo, which was conceived, promoted and created in 1995, and represents one of the museums that are part of the University Museum System of the University of Palermo.
The collection, created thanks to the availability of numerous managers of bodies and by the family members or heirs of the radiologists of the past, was ordered in several sections, among which the most relevant were certainly the collection of radiology equipment and physical instruments, this the latter also with nineteenth-century instruments, as well as the collection of radiograms dating back to the early twentieth century. Of particular scientific and didactic interest is the collection of radiogenic tubes and cathode ray tubes, as well as the collection of documents and instruments belonging to eminent figures of radiology and related sciences, such as some manuscripts of Orso Mario Corbino, the autograph thesis by Gioacchino Arnone, the first Sicilian radiologist, the Fotocauterio equipped with biconvex lenses with which Antonino Sciascia practiced phototherapy, first in the world.
In 2012 the Museum of Radiology was rearranged and divided into six sections or thematic routes, located in the rooms on the first floor of the Section of Radiological Sciences and called “History of Radiology”; “Evolution of appliances”; “Room of pipes and valves”; “1930s X-ray room”; “Cignolini Room”; “Educational path”. The reorganization of the museum’s scientific collection was accompanied by a new museum layout, and in 2013 also by a graphic restyling of the illustrative captions of the equipment and tools on display, as well as the creation of new didactic panels and the creation of the official logo of the Museum.
The scientific collection of the Museum is made up not only of equipment but also of instruments and objects relating to radiology and radiotherapy, electrotherapy, chest therapy and ultrasound therapy, also from surgical instruments, laboratory instruments, Physics instruments and video and photographic equipment.
In 2014, a cataloging campaign was carried out for all the scientific equipment and instruments that make up the museum collection, which made it possible to identify and accurately date each find and to quantify the amount in 327 elements, each of which illustrated in the catalog cards.
The concept of the museum is to present the history of radiology to the visitor, reviving the scientific discoveries that laid the foundations for modern medical radiology. The atmosphere that reigns inside the museum is of a scientific and cultural integration that comes from a real synergy between the historical elements and the modern elements in use during the daily activities of the institute.
The visitor finds himself projected into an environment, that of the ward, in which he can consciously live the distant discoveries of the past that are constantly reflected vigorously in the healthcare activity of a hospital. The Museum of Radiology, in fact, thus becomes a symbol of article 2 of the statute of the International Council of Museums: a permanent non-profit institution at the service of society and its development, open to the public, which carries out research on material testimonies of man and his environment, he acquires them, keeps them, communicates them and above all exposes them for purposes of study, education and enjoyment.
The development of the Museum foresees shortly the realization of the audio guide and the implementation of its website, http://musei.unipa.it/museoradiologia.html, for a better use of the collection